Surrogacy India: A relation that goes deep
Family dynamics have changed a lot in recent times. Today, inability of a couple to have children does not mean the dead end of their desires to become parents. Surrogacy has been becoming a popular option among couples who want to have their biological children, instead of adopting someone. But still, surrogacy remains quite a hushed up topic in India for many reasons. Even after being the largest hub of surrogates in the world, most people in India (and abroad) are unaware about what surrogacy is, or how it works.
Understanding Surrogacy India
Surrogacy is a process in which a woman (known as surrogate) carries a child in her womb on behalf of a couple who are unable to become parents by conventional means. The embryo is carried by the surrogate for the gestation period, after which she gives birth to the child and hands it over to the couple. The surrogate has no claims whatsoever over the child.
India is the biggest place for surrogacy in the world. There are two simple reasons behind this.
First, the cost of Surrogacy India is cheap. The entire process doesn’t cost much, and surrogates are readily available. It began in 2002 when the government legalized Surrogacy India. Cheaper costs, along with easily available wombs, made India an attraction for foreign couples looking for surrogacy to become parents.
The second reason is the law. Most countries either do not allow surrogacy, or ban the commercialization of the process. This means that even in countries where surrogacy is allowed (like the US), one cannot pay the surrogate mother for the service. This makes it hard to find women who would take such pain and efforts without any money. In India, on the other hand, the laws have been quite relaxed regarding surrogacy. This has allowed surrogacy to become a booming business.
Another reason why surrogacy is such a readily-available option in India is due to lack of any cultural restriction. While sex is a taboo in India, motherhood is considered the supreme role one could play. In fact, mythological tales of women carrying and raising the child for someone else are found aplenty. So, renting your womb so that someone else could become parents is seen as an act of supreme service in India, which has encouraged women to go after on this route. In fact, surrogacy is sustaining the livelihood of many women in India.
Types of Surrogacy India
Even though surrogacy is a popular option, not many people are aware about how surrogacy works. Most people get confused between the types of surrogacy and perceive them as the same.Though are many types of surrogacy, most of them are illegal. The most widely accepted form is gestational surrogacy.
Gestational surrogacy is a newer process, but is fast becoming popular. In gestational surrogacy, the eggs are provided by someone else (the female partner or anyone else intended to be the biological mother), which are fertilized artificially by the sperm and placed inside the surrogate. The surrogate, in this case, has no genetic connection with the child and will remain only the birthing mother.
Gestational surrogacy is achieved by In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), where the fertilized eggs are placed inside the surrogate for gestation. The eggs could be of the female partner, or (in case she is unable to provide eggs) of an egg donor.
Who should opt for Surrogacy India
- Surrogacy, though free of any harm, is a big step towards parenthood. In general scenario, only couples who are infertile or unable to become parents via natural or other (IVF etc.) means must opt for surrogacy.There are no legal restrictions upon healthy couples to become parents via surrogacy, but it not generally advisable.
- The option of child adoption must also be considered before going for surrogacy. Adoption is the more humane thing to do, since a large number of children are there without parents. However, many people would rather want children who are biologically related to them. This has certain merits of its own; the child would not feel any urge to find his/her real parents later in life, and the biological relation would allow the parents to contribute in many medical emergencies, like blood and bone marrow donation.
- If both the partners are fertile but cannot become parents due to health conditions of the mother not allowing her to become pregnant, gestational surrogacy is the best option, since the child would be biologically related to both the parents. If in case the mother is infertile or unable to produce eggs, eggs could be provided by a close relative or a registered egg donor.
- Surrogacy is quite a popular option among homosexual couples, who cannot become parents by natural means. In case of gay couples, one of the male partners chooses to become the sperm donor, which can be fertilized with the eggs of any other professional egg donor person of their preference. In case of lesbian couples, almost always one of the female partners becomes the eggs donor, which is fertilized withsperm taken from sperm bank and placed into the surrogate via IVF. Surrogacy is a boon for homosexual couples because while they cannot become parents by natural means, most of the orphanages also have regulations against child adoption by homosexuals.
- Surrogacy also serves a purpose for people who are single and unmarried, yet want to become parents. Like in the case of homosexuals, there are strong restrictions in child adoption against people who want to become single parents, especially men. For such, surrogacy serves to fulfill their dream to become parents, without the need of a partner or legal troubles.
Factors in choosing the surrogate
Even though no legal restrictions exists regarding who can be a surrogate mother, there are some medical guidelines to be followed for Surrogacy India.
While choosing the surrogate, her health status must be kept in mind more than anything. Her blood pressure, sugar level, immunity and health history must be considered before choosing her to be the surrogate, in order to avoid any complications later on. Surrogate mother must also undergo mental health status examination by psychologist. Ideally, women who are between 21-40 years of age and have become mother at least once should be chosen to be the surrogate mother.
In some cases for Surrogacy India, people opt for ‘altruistic surrogacy’, where a closer family member serves as the surrogate mother for the couple. This type of surrogacy is often much better, as you know a lot more about the surrogate mother and can take care of her in a better way. However, it is hard to find people, even close family members, who would undergo such efforts without commercial gains.
Surrogacy has become a gift for couples who could not become parents by conventional means. Even though it is banned as a commercial practice in most countries, India has long been a safe haven for couples who wanted to become parents via surrogacy. There are no drawbacks of becoming parents through surrogacy; in fact, it is safer.
In conclusion, Surrogacy India has for a long time been associated with each other for the benefit of couples who are not able to become parents by conventional methods. If you are a couple who wants to become parents but are unable through natural means, then surrogacy is the answer and India is the place to be.